with Acai, Goji,
Get the Best and Most! All Three of the Healthiest Exotic Fruits in One Juice.
Get Powerful Antioxidants from Acai, Goji, and Mangosteen
©2006 All rights reserved. | See Amigo Health Web Site
Best of the Best - The Super Healthy Fruits
AMiGO Juice is a powdered fruit juice supplement with Acai berry, Mangosteen fruit and Goji berry, formulated to enhance body wellness and longevity.
A detailed explanation follows below, but much is already known about the amazing health benefits of these three highly nutritious exotic fruits - Acai, Mangosteen and Goji - because they are the key ingredients of the popular juice products called Acai Plus™, MonaVie™, Fruta Vida™, Xango™, Vemma™, Himalayan Goji™ Juice, and others.
With the exception of Acai Plus™, most health juice products on the market today contain 15 to 50 mg of either Mangosteen, Goji or Acai per serving, but not all three. Proprietary blends usually do not list actual quantities of their key ingredients. (This could be a way to cover up the insignificant amounts of key ingredients in the product.)
AMiGO Juice offers you more actual content of these three fruits (1,500 mg or 1.5 grams) and less cost per serving than other Acai, Goji or Mangosteen juice drinks, because AMiGO contains 500 mg of each per serving! AMiGO Juice is a freeze-dried concentrate of these super-fruits with no water content, so you don't have to pay for water or pay the higher cost of shipping water to you. Each container contains enough powder for a 30-day supply with typical use of three 3-gram servings of AMiGO Juice powder per day.
Freeze-dried berries will keep for three years and retain their nutritive value; while berries picked and left to sit around on a hot day will have their antioxidant levels decreased by up to 40 percent.
The AMiGO Juice concentrate offers you more flexibility because it comes as a concentrated dry powder you can mix with water, or mix into any drink or juice or "smoothie" shake. The dried fruit powder also comes in convenient gel capsules you can simply swallow with a drink of water (2 capsules equal one 3-gram scoop of powder), which makes it easy to carry when you are away from home or on a trip. AMiGO Juice does not require refrigeration, and it has a long shelf life because the freeze-dried fruits are in a dehydrated form.
For the health-conscious and cost-conscious consumer, AMiGO Juice is the recommended source of Acai berry, Goji berry, and Mangosteen fruit - providing all three fruits in one convenient serving, at much less cost per gram of these super-food ingredients than widely-sold health juice products which contain lesser amounts of only one or two of these super-healthy fruits.
AMiGO Juice Ingredients90 Servings per container of AMiGO Juice Powder (270 grams net weight) OR bottle of AMiGO Capsules (180).
Serving size: 1 scoop = 3 grams. (Or two capsules).
Suggested use: take 1 scoop mixed with 4 ounces of water (or take two capsules), three times per day.
Each serving contains:
- Brazilian Acai berry 4:1 Extract (Euterpe oleracea) - 500 mg
- Thai Mangosteen fruit pericarp (Garcinia mangostana) - 500 mg
- Himalayan Goji berry (Lycium barbarum) - 500 mg
- Other ingredients (in order by weight): Guar gum, evaporated organic cane juice powder, fruit and vegetable juice powder (for color), citric acid, xanthum gum, natural and artificial flavors, soy lecithin, citrus pectin, sucralose.
The Acai Berry from the Amazon Rainforest
The Acai berry, or Acai Fruit (pronounced ah-SIGH-ee) grows on majestic palm trees (L. Euterpe oleracea) in the flood plains of the Amazon Rainforest in Brazil and looks like purple grapes strung on slim stems hanging down from the top of the tree. The Euterpe oleracea palm tree can grow to a height of 65 feet in tropical regions. The locals often eat the young leaf buds like cabbage, which gives the tree another name - "cabbage palm". This tree is also the source of "hearts of palm", an exotic vegetable exported from Brazil.
The Acai berries are picked daily in the wild, and freeze-dried within 24 hours of harvest. The Acai berry is 10% fruit pulp and 90% inedible nut, so the pulp must be carefully separated from the nut, which yields a thick Acai fruit pulp product.
Acai berries have a delicious tropical berry flavor and provide exceptional nutrition. Some say the flavor is like blueberries with some chocolate flavoring.
The people living in the Amazon region of Northern Brazil have consumed Acai berries for hundreds of years, and the healing and sustaining powers of the Acai berry are legendary. Because the Acai fruit is perishable, it was not until modern freezing techniques made long-distance transport possible that scientific research into this remarkable food could begin in the U.S.A. and other countries outside Brazil. Now this "undiscovered" Brazilian Acai berry has become a media celebrity!
Acai was recently featured on The Oprah Winfrey Show and MSNBC News. The Acai berry is reported to be the No. 1 superfood in the world.Acai berries contain high levels of Antioxidants, Omega Fatty Acids (healthy fats), Iron, Amino Acids, Fiber, and many other vitamins and minerals.
Health Benefits of the Acai Berry
References and Research:
Brazilian berry destroys cancer cells in lab, UF study shows
University of Florida News, Thursday, January 12, 2006.
"Published today in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, the study showed extracts from acai (ah-SAH’-ee) berries triggered a self-destruct response in up to 86 percent of leukemia cells tested, said Stephen Talcott, an assistant professor with UF’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences."
The Brazilian Acai berry is known to have the following properties:
Antioxidant, Antibacterial, Anti-inflammatory, Antimutagenic, Strengthen Cardiovascular System.
The ORAC value (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) of Acai berry is higher than any other edible berry in the world! Per gram, the Acai berry fruit pulp has an antioxidant potency of 167, compared to 106 for Pomegranate and 32 for Blueberry.
The Amazon Acai berry itself has 10 times the antioxidants of grapes, and twice the antioxidants of blueberries. The Brazilian Acai berry (pronounced ah-SIGH'-ee) is considered to have the best nutritional value of any fruit on earth!
Acai berries contain very high amounts of essential fatty acids and omegas, proven to lower LDL and maintain HDL cholesterol levels. They also contain a remarkable concentration of antioxidants to help combat premature aging. Acai Berry is a dense source of a particular class of flavonoids* called anthocyanins (red-blue phenols with powerful antioxidant properties).
The primary anthocyanin in Acai berries is cyanidin-3 glucoside, which has been found to be 3.5 times stronger than both Trolox, a Vitamin E analogue, and the predominant anthocyanin found in red wine, malvadin-3 glucoside. Anthocyanins have been found to demonstrate many potential therapeutic effects, including treatment of diabetic retinopathy (the blindness which often afflicts persons with diabetes) and fibrocystic disease of the human breast.
- An amazingly high concentration levels of antioxidants in Acai berries contribute to combating premature aging. The proanthocyanidine contents in Acai berries provide 10 to 30 times the anthocyanins as the same volume of red wine (these are the purple-colored antioxidants). Although the French people have a high fat diet, they have a low incidence of cardio vascular disease compared to other western countries. They attribute this to their consumption of red wine.
- Acai berries can help promote a healthier cardio vascular system and digestive tract, because of the synergy of monounsaturated fats (the healthy fats), dietary fiber, and phytosterols.
- Acai berries are also an excellent source of dietary fiber! Fiber promotes a healthy digestive system. Research studies suggests soluble fibers may help lower blood cholesterol. The insoluble fiber may help to reduce the risk of developing certain types of cancers.
- Acai berries are extremely rich in organic vegetable protein which does not generate cholesterol during its digestion, and is more easily processed and transported to your muscles than animal protein (such as in milk or meat). Besides its outstanding content of protein and unsaturated lipids, the Acai berry is also rich in carbohydrates which provide your body with the necessary energy while working or participating in any kind of sport.
- Acai berries contain an essential amino acid complex along with trace minerals, which are vital for proper muscle contraction and regeneration. Aside from the energy and fluid replacement, Acai berries provide a nutrition profile complete with vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids (Omega 3, Omega 6 and Omega 9). The fatty acid ratio in the Acai berry resembles that of olive oil, which studies suggest is a contributing factor to the low incidence of heart disease in Mediterranean populations.
- Acai berries contain plant sterols, including beta-sitosterol which has anti-inflammatory properties. Today, sterols are being used to treat associated benign prostate dyperplasia. These plant sterols have also been shown to help control cholesterol and also act as precursors to many important substances produced by the body.
- OMEGA FATTY ACIDS (Omega 9, Omega 6, and Omega 3).
These mono-saturated essential fatty acids help lower LDL (harmful cholesterol) while maintaining HDL (beneficial cholesterol). Omega fatty acids combat heart disease by increasing healthy cell development. Omega fatty acids are essential for healthy nervous system development and regeneration. They help rapidly repair and rejuvenate muscles after intense exercise.
- AMINO ACIDS.
The Acai berry contains an almost perfect essential amino acid complex. This is vital for proper muscle contraction and regeneration; and for endurance, strength, sustained energy, and muscle development.
- NATURAL VITAMIN E.
Acai berries contain natural vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant to protect against aging.
Theobromine acts as a bronchial dilator to help open air passages in the lungs. This increased air flow capacity helps increase oxygen intake, which increases endurance, strength, and athletic performance.
The Acai berry pulp contains these complex compounds of plant cell membranes called phytosterols which are used to treat symptoms associated with BPH (benign prostate hyperplasia or benign prostate hypertrophy) - an enlarged prostate gland caused by the growth of a pre-cancerous tumor. Phytosterols in Acai also help promote a healthy cardiovascular system and contribute to a healthy digestive tract. (Phyto means "plant".)
Acai berries are rich in anthocyanins, an essential antioxidant that helps combat premature aging. In fact, an equal volume of Acai fruit has 10 to 30 times more anthocyanins (purple colored antioxidants) than a glass of red wine.
Each serving of AMiGO Juice contains 500 mg of Acai fruit extract. The recommended daily dose of 3 servings per day provides 1500 mg or 1.5 grams of Acai fruit extract.
MANGOSTEEN (Garcinia mangostana)
The Mangosteen Fruit from Southwest Asia
The Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana in Latin) is a tropical evergreen tree which is believed to have originated in the Sunda Islands and the Moluccas, and was first discovered in Burma and Thailand. The tree grows from 7 to 25 meters tall, and does not produce fruit until it is 15 years old. The edible fruit is deep reddish purple when ripe. In Asia, the Mangosteen fruit is known as the "Queen of Fruits".
The Mangosteen fruit grown in Thailand is harvested in the season of optimum ripeness for maximum efficacy. The xanthone rich pericarp (the outer rind) is then separated from the pulp and freeze-dried. The juice or freeze-dried Mangosteen fruit can be shipped into the USA but importing the whole raw fruit is prohibited, to avoid introducing a certain Asian fruit fly which could harm local fruit crops.
The outer shell of the Mangosteen fruit (pericarp) is rather hard, typically 4 to 6 centimeters in diameter and about a half centimeter in thickness. The fruit resembles a spherical, reddish-black, cartoon bomb. Cutting through the shell, one finds a very pale white and fleshy fruit 3 to 5 centimeters in diameter surrounded by a deep red pericarp. Depending on its size and ripeness, there may or may not be inedible pits in the segments of the fruit. The number of fruit pods is directly related to the number of petals on the bottom of the shell. Commonly, the average Mangosteen will have 5 fruit pods.
The shell of the Mangosteen fruit looks tough and hard, but is easy to open. Care must be taken when opening the fruit, as the reddish-black husk outside produces a purplish, inky juice that stains fabric and can be almost impossible to remove (the reason why they are banned from some hotels in countries where they are available). To open a Mangosteen, the shell is usually broken apart, not cut. Holding the fruit in both hands, press it gently (thumbs on one side, the other fingers on the other) until the shell cracks. It is then very easy to pull the halves apart along the crack and remove the fruit without staining.
One of the most-praised of tropical fruits, and certainly the most-esteemed fruit in the family Guttiferae, the Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana in Latin) is almost universally known or heard of by this name. But there are numerous variations in nomenclature: among Spanish-speaking people the fruit is called mangostan; to the French it is mangostanier, mangoustanier, mangouste or mangostier; in Portuguese it is mangostao, mangosta or mangusta; in Dutch it is manggis or manggistan; in Vietnamese it is mang cut; in Malaya it may be referred to in any of these languages or by the local terms mesetor, semetah, or sementah; in the Philippines it is mangis or mangostan. Throughout the Malay Archipelago of Malaysia, there are many different spellings of names similar to most of those mentioned above.
Health Benefits of Mangosteen Fruit (Garcinia mangostana)
For hundreds of years, the people of Southeast Asia have used the Mangosteen, especially the rind (pericarp), to ward off and treat infections, reduce pain or control fever, and treat various other ailments.
Dried Mangosteen fruits are shipped from Singapore to Calcutta and to China for medicinal use. The sliced and dried rind (pericarp) is powdered and administered to overcome dysentery. Made into an ointment, it is applied on eczema and other skin disorders. The rind decoction is taken to relieve diarrhea and cystitis, gonorrhea and gleet, and is applied externally as an astringent lotion. A portion of the rind is steeped in water overnight and the infusion given as a remedy for chronic diarrhea in adults and children.
In the Phillipine Islands, the Filipinos employ a decoction of the leaves and bark as a febrifuge and to treat thrush, diarrhea, dysentery and urinary disorders.
In Malaya an infusion of the Mangosteen leaves, combined with unripe banana and a little benzoin, is applied to the wound of circumcision. A root decoction is taken to regulate menstruation. A Mangosteen bark extract called amibiasine has been marketed for the treatment of amoebic dysentery.
The latest in scientific research shows Mangosteen contains a class of naturally occurring polyphenolic compounds known as xanthones. Xanthones provide beneficial effects on cardiovascular diseases, including ischemic heart disease, atherosclerosis, hypertension, and thrombosis. Xanthones also demonstrate particularly powerful antioxidant properties.
The medicinal properties of the Mangosteen fruit are derived mainly from its outer rind or peel, not from the fleshy inner part of the fruit. The rind or pericarp is where powerful antioxidants are concentrated. These antioxidants, known as Xanthones, have properties which help to heal cells damaged by free radicals, slow aging, and ward off degenerative diseases and physical and mental deterioration.
The rind of partially ripe Mangosteen fruit yields a polyhydroxy-xanthone derivative termed mangostin, also beta-mangostin. That of fully ripe fruits contains the xanthones gartanin, beta-disoxygartanin, and normangostin.
According to research reported in professional journals such as Free Radical Research and the Journal of Pharmacology, these amazing Xanthones have a remarkably beneficial effect on cardiovascular health and are also naturally antibiotic, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory. Xanthones are among the most powerful antioxidants to be found in nature.
Many of the other health benefits of Xanthones from Mangosteen pericarp can be expressed in terms of how they act against or are "anti" various serious ailments...
anti-fatigue, anti-obesity, anti-depression, anti-anxiety, anti-vertigo (dizziness), anti-Alzheimer’s, anti-Parkinsonism (Parkinson's Disease), anti-allergenic, anti-seborrheic (skin disease), anti-glaucoma (eye disease), anti-pyretic (anti-fever), anti-diarrhea, anti-periodontic (gum disease), anti-pain (such as dental pain), anti-neuralgia (nerve pain), anti-arthritis, anti-inflammatory (act as cox-2 inhibitor like Vioxx and Celebrex, but without the deadly side-effects), and anti-ulcer (such as ulcers of the stomach, mouth, small bowel, large bowel).
Mangosteen fruit also shows vasorelaxant properties (dilates blood vessels).
With Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) and Staphylococcus aureus (Staph. A), Mangosteen has shown inhibitory action against these harmful bacteria organisms. Mangosteen is highly effective in boosting weak immune systems.
There are several compounds found in the Mangosteen fruit that appear to make this fruit so active as a nutritional component for the body.
Each serving of AMiGO Juice contains 500 mg of freeze-dried Mangosteen fruit pericarp (the rind). The recommended dose of 3 servings per day delivers 1500 mg or 1.5 grams of Mangosteen fruit pericarp.
GOJI (Lycium barbarum)
The Goji Berry from the Himalayas in Tibet and Mongolia
Goji Berry is the common name for the fruit of the Lycium barbarum plant. It grows on extensive thorny bushes which grow erect or as spreading vines in the sheltered valleys of the Himalayas in Tibet, and in Mongolia. Lycium is a deciduous woody perennial plant which can grow 1 to 3 meters high. Other common names for varieties of the Lycium plant are "Matrimony Vine" and "Boxthorn" and "Wolfberry".
The Goji berry (Lycium barbarum) should not be confused with the Chinese Wolfberry, which is actually a similar fruit from a related Lycium plant known as Lycium Chinese.
All Lycium berries have reported medicinal properties, but the best Goji berries are the Himalayan Goji berries or Tibetan Goji berries of the Lycium barbarum variety which grows wild in Tibet and Mongolia (northwestern regions of the Peoples Republic of China), where the ancient soils have never been exposed to pesticides or pollution. But there is no commercial production of Goji berries in these remote areas.
The premier source of organically grown and commerically available Lycium barbarum Goji berries of the same variety is the NingXia Province of China, known as the "Goji Capital of China" in the pristine Xinjiang Mountains in the far western area of China near Tibet. Chinese Wolfberries (Lycium Chinese) are often cultivated in more southern soils which have experienced heavy pesticide use for fifty years, and are often falsely sold as "Himalayan Goji berries" or "Tibetan Goji berries".
The oval, deep red Goji berries are about the size of a grape, and taste like a cross between a cranberry and a cherry. The Goji berries are very tender and must be shaken from the vine rather than picked, for if touched by human hands while fresh on the vine the fruit will oxidize, turn black, and spoil. The fruits are preserved by slowly drying them in the shade.
The Himalayan Goji berry has been eaten locally in the region for centuries, and is celebrated in festivals. The Himalayan Goji berry is nicknamed "the happy berry" because of the sense of well-being it is said to induce.
The native people in the Himalayan Mountain regions who include Goji berries in their regular diet enjoy remarkable health and longevity. The average woman in the Hunza tribe lives to be 100 years of age. Arthritis, chronic fatigue syndrome, sexual dysfunction, and depression are totally unknown to the Hunza people.
Health Benefits of Goji Berries (Lycium barbarum)
Research and References
Gan L, Wang J, Zhang S. [Inhibition the growth of human leukemia cells by Lycium barbarum polysaccharide]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2001;30:333-5.
Cao GW, Yang WG, Du P. [Observation of the effects of LAK/IL-2 therapy combining with Lycium barbarum polysaccharides in the treatment of 75 cancer patients] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi. 1994;16:428-31.
Lu CX, Cheng BQ. [Radiosensitizing effects of Lycium barbarum polysaccharide for Lewis lung cancer] Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 1991;11:611-2, 582.
Traditional Medicinal uses:
Antibacterial; Anticholesterolemic; Antipyretic; Anti-Cancer; Diuretic; Hypoglycemic; Ophthalmic; Purgative; Skin; Eye, Blood, Liver and Kidney Tonic; Vasodilator; Erectile Dysfunction.
The Lycium barbarum fruit (Goji berry) is being investigated as a food that may be capable of reducing the incidence of cancer, and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers.
The Lycium plant and Goji berries have a long history of traditional medicinal use in China, both as a general, energy restoring tonic and also to cure a wide range of ailments from skin rashes and eyesight problems to diabetes. A tonic tea is made from the leaves. Traditional Chinese medicine recommends consuming up to 50 grams of Goji berries per day.
Taken orally, Lycium barbarum is used for hypertension (high blood pressure); fever; malaria; and cancer. It's also used for improving circulation; strenghtening muscles; erectile dysfunction; dizziness; and tinnitus.
For many years Goji berries have been used in China for the treatment of adult-onset diabetes. They are said to help balance blood sugar and insulin response.
In test-tube studies, a unique polysaccharide (a complex sugar) isolated from the Goji berry (LBP-3) has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (Gan L, 2001). Lycium barbarum also shows some immune-enhancing properties (Gan L, 2003). Four of the polysaccharides discovered in Goji berries have not been found in any other fruit.
Goji berries contain 500 times more Vitamin C per gram than oranges, and are third only to the South American camu camu berry and the Australian billygoat plum as the richest source of Vitamin C on earth. The ORAC value (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) of the Goji berry is said to be 25,300 - compared to 5,700 for prunes and 890 for broccoli and 750 for oranges.
Fresh Lycium barbarum fruit from Ning Xia province in China is the richest source of carotenoids, and has the highest content of beta-carotene among all foods on earth.
Beta-carotene can be transformed into vitamin A under the influence of human liver enzymes. Therefore, vitamin A ultimately plays a major influence in Lycium's actions. The function of Lycium barbarum on the eyes is related to this factor. The vitamin B1 and B2 content of Goji berries are significant, and the natural vitamin C content of freeze-dried Lycium barbarum fruit has been measured to be 73 mg per 100 grams.
Lycium barbarum berries contain 18 kinds of amino acids, of which 8 are indispensable or "essential" amino acids for the human body (such as isoleucine and tryptophan). 50% of the amino acids in the Goji berry are free amino acid.
Lycium barbarum berries contain numerous trace elements, of which the main ones are zinc, iron and copper. Mature Goji berries contain about 11 mg. of iron per 100 grams. Lycium barbarum from Ning Xia contains 45% glucose, 7% fructose.
The fruit pulp of the Goji berry also contains beta-sitosterol (an anti-inflammatory agent), linoleic acid (an important fatty acid), sesquiterpenoids (cyperone, solavetivone), tetraterpenoids (zeaxanthin, physalin), and betaine (0.1%).
In Asia, Goji berries are the premier "brain tonic". The fruit contains betaine which the body can convert into choline, a substance that is said to enhance memory.
For many years in Asia, Goji berries have been used in the natural treatment of insomnia.
Each serving of AMiGO Juice contains 500 mg of freeze-dried Goji berry pulp. The recommened dose of 3 servings per day contains 1500 mg or 1.5 grams of dried Goji berry pulp.
- SEE Amigo Health Web Site
- BUY AMiGO Juice from Amigo Health
US $49 for a single bottle (270 grams), as low as $30 per bottle when you buy 4 bottles on auto-ship.
- SELL AMiGO Juice from your home or web site
AMiGO Juice is the natural "whole food" functional beverage with more healthy fruit concentrate at less cost than other top-selling health juice drinks with Acai berries, or Goji berries, or Mangosteen Fruit - such as Acai Plus™, MonaVie™, Fruta Vida™, Vemma™, Himalayan Goji™ Juice, or Xango™.
AMiGO Juice has all three - and delivers 1,500 mg (1.5 grams) of fruit concentrates per serving! One container delivers 3 servings per day (4,500 milligrams per day) for 30 days - much more than competing Goji and Acai and Mangosteen juice products.
Why pay more for fillers and for shipping water? You can just add your own water to AMiGO Juice powder, or simply swallow two AMiGO capsules with a glass of water. The powder can also be conveniently mixed into other natural juices, added to a "smoothie" shake, or combined with other foods and drinks to add a delicious "berry" flavor.
AMiGO Juice Ingredients
90 Servings per can of AMiGO Juice Powder (270 grams net weight) OR bottle of AMiGO Capsules (180).
Serving size: 1 scoop = 3 grams. Or two capsules. (A measuring scoop is enclosed in each container)
Suggested use: take 1 scoop mixed with 4 ounces of water (or take two capsules), three times per day.
Each serving contains:
- Brazilian Acai berry 4:1 Extract (Euterpe oleracea) - 500 mg
- Thai Mangosteen fruit pericarp (Garcinia mangostana) - 500 mg
- Himalayan Goji berry pulp (Lycium barbarum) - 500 mg
- Other ingredients (by weight): Guar gum, evaporated organic cane juice powder, fruit and vegetable juice powder (for color), citric acid, xanthum gum, natural and artificial flavors, soy lecithin, citrus pectin, sucralose.
This page is ©2006 by Michael Star and others. E&OE.
The content of this page is provided for educational purposes only, and should not be considered as medical advice. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not review or test products classed as a "food supplement". The following statement is required by the U.S. FDA:
"This product line has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product line is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease."
* NOTE: Acai Plus™, MonaVie™, Fruta Vida™, Xango™, Vemma™, Himalayan Goji™ Juice are registered trademarks of the respective owners of these products.
* The term Flavonoids is often misspelled as Flavanoids or Flavinoids. The terms Flavonoids and Bioflavonoids mean exactly the same thing.