Xanthohumol Research Studies

Links to Scientific Studies on
Xanthohumol from Hops and Beer, and
Benefits of Xanthohumol in Prostate Cancer, Colon Cancer, Leukemia, Antiaging

Xanthohumol (XN) is a prenylated flavonoid found naturally in the flowering hop plant (Humulus lupulus) which is commonly used to make the alcoholic beverage known as beer. Note that the quantity of Xanthohumol found in beer is much lower than the quantities which produced the results in the studies below. (See note below for explanation of PMID number.)

  1. Delmulle L, Bellahcene A, Dhooge W, Comhaire F, Roelens F, Huvaere K, Heyerick A, Castronovo V, De Keukeleire D.
    Anti-proliferative properties of prenylated flavonoids from hops (Humulus lupulus L.) in human prostate cancer cell lines.
    Phytomedicine. 2006 May 4; PMID: 16678392

  2. Colgate EC, Miranda CL, Stevens JF, Bray TM, Ho E.
    Xanthohumol, a prenylflavonoid derived from hops induces apoptosis and inhibits NF-kappaB activation in prostate epithelial cells.
    Cancer Lett. 2006 Mar 22; PMID: 16563612

  3. Albini A, Dell'Eva R, Vene R, Ferrari N, Buhler DR, Noonan DM, Fassina G.
    Mechanisms of the antiangiogenic activity by the hop flavonoid xanthohumol: NF-kappaB and Akt as targets.
    FASEB J. 2006 Mar; 20(3):527-9. PMID: 16403733

  4. Lust S, Vanhoecke B, Janssens A, Philippe J, Bracke M, Offner F.
    Xanthohumol kills B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells by an apoptotic mechanism.
    Mol Nutr Food Res. 2005 Sep;49(9):844-50. PMID: 16144030

  5. Gerhauser C, Frank N.
    Xanthohumol, a new all-rounder?
    Mol Nutr Food Res. 2005 Sep;49(9):821-3. PMID: 16144029

  6. Nozawa H.
    Xanthohumol, the chalcone from beer hops (Humulus lupulus L.), is the ligand for farnesoid X receptor and ameliorates lipid and glucose metabolism in KK-A(y) mice.
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Oct 28;336(3):754-61. PMID: 16140264 

  7. Dietz BM, Kang YH, Liu G, Eggler AL, Yao P, Chadwick LR, Pauli GF, Farnsworth NR, Mesecar AD, van Breemen RB, Bolton JL.
    Xanthohumol isolated from Humulus lupulus inhibits menadione-induced DNA damage through induction of quinone reductase.
    Chem Res Toxicol. 2005 Aug;18(8):1296-305. PMID: 16097803

  8. Gerhauser C.
    Broad spectrum anti-infective potential of xanthohumol from hop (Humulus lupulus L.) in comparison with activities of other hop constituents and xanthohumol metabolites.
    Mol Nutr Food Res. 2005 Sep;49(9):827-31. PMID: 16092071

  9. Hussong R, Frank N, Knauft J, Ittrich C, Owen R, Becker H, Gerhauser C.
    A safety study of oral xanthohumol administration and its influence on fertility in Sprague Dawley rats.
    Mol Nutr Food Res. 2005 Sep;49(9):861-7. PMID: 16092070

  10. Hanske L, Hussong R, Frank N, Gerhauser C, Blaut M, Braune A.
    Xanthohumol does not affect the composition of rat intestinal microbiota.
    Mol Nutr Food Res. 2005 Sep;49(9):868-73. PMID: 16092067

  11. Pan L, Becker H, Gerhauser C.
    Xanthohumol induces apoptosis in cultured 40-16 human colon cancer cells by activation of the death receptor- and mitochondrial pathway.
    Mol Nutr Food Res. 2005 Sep;49(9):837-43. PMID: 15995977

  12. Vanhoecke B, Derycke L, Van Marck V, Depypere H, De Keukeleire D, Bracke M.
    Antiinvasive effect of xanthohumol, a prenylated chalcone present in hops (Humulus lupulus L.) and beer.
    Int J Cancer. 2005 Dec 20;117(6):889-95. PMID: 15986430

  13. Gerhauser C.
    Beer constituents as potential cancer chemopreventive agents.
    Eur J Cancer. 2005 Sep;41(13):1941-54. Review. PMID: 15953717

  14. Frolich S, Schubert C, Bienzle U, Jenett-Siems K.
    In vitro antiplasmodial activity of prenylated chalcone derivatives of hops (Humulus lupulus) and their interaction with haemin.
    J Antimicrob Chemother. 2005 Jun;55(6):883-7. PMID: 15824094

  15. Goto K, Asai T, Hara S, Namatame I, Tomoda H, Ikemoto M, Oku N.
    Enhanced antitumor activity of xanthohumol, a diacylglycerol acyltransferase inhibitor, under hypoxia.
    Cancer Lett. 2005 Mar 10;219(2):215-22. PMID: 15723722

  16. Wang Q, Ding ZH, Liu JK, Zheng YT.
    Xanthohumol, a novel anti-HIV-1 agent purified from Hops Humulus lupulus.
    Antiviral Res. 2004 Dec;64(3):189-94. PMID: 15550272

  17. Stevens JF, Page JE.
    Xanthohumol and related prenylflavonoids from hops and beer: to your good health!
    Phytochemistry. 2004 May;65(10):1317-30. PMID: 15231405 

  18. Casaschi A, Maiyoh GK, Rubio BK, Li RW, Adeli K, Theriault AG.
    The chalcone xanthohumol inhibits triglyceride and apolipoprotein B secretion in HepG2 cells.
    J Nutr. 2004 Jun;134(6):1340-6. PMID: 15173394

  19. Buckwold VE, Wilson RJ, Nalca A, Beer BB, Voss TG, Turpin JA, Buckheit RW 3rd, Wei J, Wenzel-Mathers M, Walton EM, Smith RJ, Pallansch M, Ward P, Wells J, Chuvala L, Sloane S, Paulman R, Russell J, Hartman T, Ptak R.
    Antiviral activity of hop constituents against a series of DNA and RNA viruses.
    Antiviral Res. 2004 Jan;61(1):57-62. PMID: 14670594

  20. Gerhauser C, Alt A, Heiss E, Gamal-Eldeen A, Klimo K, Knauft J, Neumann I, Scherf HR, Frank N, Bartsch H, Becker H.
    Cancer chemopreventive activity of Xanthohumol, a natural product derived from hop.
    Mol Cancer Ther. 2002 Sep;1(11):959-69. PMID: 12481418

  21. Miranda CL, Stevens JF, Ivanov V, McCall M, Frei B, Deinzer ML, Buhler DR.
    Antioxidant and prooxidant actions of prenylated and nonprenylated chalcones and flavanones in vitro.
    J Agric Food Chem. 2000 Sep;48(9):3876-84. PMID: 10995285

  22. Miranda CL, Aponso GL, Stevens JF, Deinzer ML, Buhler DR.
    Prenylated chalcones and flavanones as inducers of quinone reductase in mouse Hepa 1c1c7 cells.
    Cancer Lett. 2000 Feb 28;149(1-2):21-9. PMID: 10737704

  23. Miranda CL, Stevens JF, Helmrich A, Henderson MC, Rodriguez RJ, Yang YH, Deinzer ML, Barnes DW, Buhler DR.
    Antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects of prenylated flavonoids from hops (Humulus lupulus) in human cancer cell lines.
    Food Chem Toxicol. 1999 Apr;37(4):271-85. PMID: 10418944

  24. Tabata N, Ito M, Tomoda H, Omura S.
    Xanthohumols, diacylglycerol acyltransferase inhibitors, from Humulus lupulus.
    Phytochemistry. 1997 Oct;46(4):683-7. PMID: 9366096

  25. Tobe H, Muraki Y, Kitamura K, Komiyama O, Sato Y, Sugioka T, Maruyama HB, Matsuda E, Nagai M. 
    Bone resorption inhibitors from hop extract.
    Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1997 Jan;61(1):158-9. PMID: 9028043

Additional Information on Xanthohumol Research Articles

Additional information on each article may be obtained by clicking on the links above or by going to www.pubmed.gov and entering the PMID into the search box provided on the website.

PubMed is an online database developed by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) at the National Library of Medicine (NLM) located at the U.S. National Institute of Health (NIH).


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