for Anti-Aging and
Mangosteen Fruit from Thailand
A Potent Source of Xanthones (Powerful Antioxidants)
Traditional Uses | Modern Medicinal Uses | Sources of Mangosteen | How to get Mangosteen, Acai and Goji in one convenient juice
MANGOSTEEN (Garcinia mangostana)
One of the Super Healthy Exotic Fruits
The Mangosteen Fruit from Southwest Asia
The Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana in Latin) plant is a tropical evergreen tree, believed to have originated in the Sunda Islands and the Moluccas. It was first discovered in Burma and Siam (now known as Thailand). The tree grows from 7 to 25 meters tall. This exotic edible Mangosteen fruit is a deep reddish purple when ripe. In Asia, the Mangosteen fruit is known as the "Queen of Fruits".
The Mangosteen tree requires a warm, very humid, equatorial climate all year round. Many people have tried to grow Garcinia mangostana in warm places such as California and Florida or in special greenhouses outside South East Asia, but they experienced little success because of the different environmental factors. The Mangosteen tree requires abundant moisture and only grows well in a tropical environment.
The Mangosteen fruit grown in Thailand is harvested in the season of optimum ripeness for maximum efficacy. The xanthone rich pericarp (the outer rind) is then separated from the pulp and freeze-dried.
The outer shell or rind of the Mangosteen fruit (called the pericarp) is rather hard, typically 4 to 6 centimeters in diameter, resembling a spherical, reddish-black, cartoon-style bomb. By cutting through the shell, one finds a very pale and fleshy fruit 3 to 5 centimeters in diameter. Depending on its size and ripeness, there may or may not be pits in the segments of the fruit. The number of fruit pods is directly related to the number of petals on the bottom of the shell. Commonly, the average Mangosteen will have 5 fruit pods.
The shell of the Mangosteen fruit looks tough and hard, but is easy to open. Care must be taken when opening the fruit, as the reddish-black husk outside produces a purplish, inky juice that stains fabric and can be almost impossible to remove (the reason why they are banned from some hotels in countries where they are available). To open a Mangosteen, the shell is usually broken apart, not cut. Holding the fruit in both hands, press it gently (thumbs on one side, the other fingers on the other) until the shell cracks. It is then very easy to pull the halves apart along the crack and remove the fruit without staining.
One of the most-praised of tropical fruits, and certainly the most-esteemed fruit in the family Guttiferae, the Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana in Latin) is almost universally known or heard of by this name. But there are numerous variations in nomenclature: among Spanish-speaking people the fruit is called mangostan; to the French it is mangostanier, mangoustanier, mangouste or mangostier; in Portuguese it is mangostao, mangosta or mangusta; in Dutch it is manggis or manggistan; in Vietnamese it is mang cut; in Malaya it may be referred to in any of these languages or by the local terms mesetor, semetah, or sementah; and in the Philippines it is mangis or mangostan. Throughout the Malay Archipelago of Malaysia, there are many different spellings of names for Mangosteen similar to most of those mentioned above.
Health Benefits of Mangosteen Fruit (Garcinia mangostana)
Traditional Medicinal Uses:
For hundreds of years, the people of Southeast Asia have used the Mangosteen, especially the rind (called the pericarp, to ward off and treat infections, reduce pain or control fever, and treat various other ailments.
Dried Mangosteen fruits are shipped from Singapore to Calcutta and to China for medicinal use. The sliced and dried pericarp (rind) is powdered and administered to overcome dysentery. Made into an ointment, it is applied on eczema and other skin disorders.
The rind decoction is taken to relieve diarrhea and cystitis, gonorrhea and gleet, and is applied externally as an astringent lotion. A portion of the rind is steeped in water overnight and the infusion given as a remedy for chronic diarrhea in adults and children.
Filipinos employ a decoction of the leaves and bark as a febrifuge and to treat thrush, diarrhea, dysentery and urinary disorders.
In Malaya an infusion of the Mangosteen leaves, combined with unripe banana and a little benzoin, is applied to the wound of circumcision. A root decoction is taken to regulate female menstruation. A bark extract called amibiasine has been marketed for the treatment of amoebic dysentery.
Modern Medicinal Uses and Health Benefits:
The latest in scientific research shows Mangosteen contains a class of naturally occurring polyphenolic compounds known as xanthones. Xanthones provide beneficial effects on cardiovascular diseases, including ischemic heart disease, atherosclerosis, hypertension, and thrombosis. Xanthones demonstrate particularly powerful antioxidant properties.Xanthones are found in a limited number of rain forest plants, but nowhere are they found in greater abundance than in the rind of the Mangosteen fruit.
The medicinal properties of the Mangosteen fruit are derived mainly from its outer rind or peel, not from the fleshy inner part of the fruit. The rind, called the pericarp, is where powerful antioxidants are highly concentrated. The Mangosteen pericarp is about a half-centimeter thick and is green when unripe, then dark purple when ripe.
These unique antioxidants, known as Xanthones, have properties which help to heal cells damaged by free radicals, slow aging, and ward off degenerative diseases and physical and mental deterioration.
The rind of partially ripe Mangosteen fruit yields a polyhydroxy-xanthone derivative termed mangostin, also beta-mangostin. That of fully ripe fruits contains the xanthones gartanin, beta-disoxygartanin, and normangostin.
According to research reported in professional journals such as Free Radical Research and the Journal of Pharmacology, these amazing Xanthones have a remarkablly beneficial effect on cardiovascular health. They are also naturally antibiotic, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory. Xanthones are among the most powerful antioxidants to be found in nature.
Many of the other health benefits of Xanthones from Mangosteen pericarp can be expressed in terms of how they act against or are "anti" various serious ailments...
anti-fatigue, anti-obesity, anti-depression, anti-anxiety, anti-vertigo (dizziness), anti-Alzheimer’s, anti-Parkinsonism (Parkinson's Disease), anti-allergenic, anti-seborrheic (skin disease), anti-glaucoma (eye disease), anti-pyretic (anti-fever), anti-diarrhea, anti-periodontic (gum disease), anti-pain (such as dental pain), anti-neuralgia (nerve pain), anti-arthritis, anti-inflammatory (act as cox-2 inhibitors like the pharmaceutical drugs Vioxx(tm) and Celebrex(tm), but without the deadly side-effects), and anti-ulcer (such as ulcers of the stomach, mouth, small bowel, or large bowel).
Some of the Xanthones in the Mangosteen pericarp have powerful anti-inflammatory properties which may be of interest to those who suffer the pain of sciatica and peripheray neuropathy, which cannot be effectively controlled by drug treatments. The amount of Mangosteen consumed per day may need to be increased by two or three times to support pain relief through its anti-inflammatory and cox-2 inhibitor effects.
Mangosteen fruit also shows vasorelaxant properties (causing dilation of blood vessels and increased blood flow).
With Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) and Staphylococcus aureus (Staph. A) bacteria, Mangosteen has shown inhibitory action against these harmful bacteria organisms. In addition to its antibacterial properties, Mangosteen fruit also demonstrates strong antifungal properties. It is highly effective in boosting weak immune systems.
There are several compounds found in the Mangosteen that appear to make this fruit so active as a nutritional component for the body.
Research and References
NOTES: In the following citations of research studies, the medical term apoptosis refers to "cell death" after a cell has reproduced a certain number of times, then dies naturally (here, it refers to the death of cancer cells). Induction of apoptosis means "initiating apoptosis" of the cancer cells. HIV-1 refers to the AIDS virus. Low density lipoptrotein refers to "LDL cholesterol", the "bad cholesterol" that can form plaque in the arteries and increase the risk of heart disease or death by stroke or heart attack.
Jiang, D.J. e. al. Pharmacological effects of xanthones as cardiovascular protective agents. Cardiovascular Drug Reviews, 2004, 22(2):91-102
Antiproliferation, antioxidation and induction of apoptosis by Garcinia mangostana on SKBR3 human breast cancer cell line. J. Ethnopharmacol, 2004 Jan:90(1):161-6
Induction of apoptosis by xanthones from mangosteen in human leukemia cell lines. J. Nat Prod. 2003 Aug;55(8):1124-7
Evaluation of the antifungal activity of natural xanthones from Garcinia mangostana and their synthetic derivatives. J. Nat Prod 1997 May; 60 (5):519-24
Active constituents against HIV-1 protease from Mangosteen. Planta Med 1996 Aug;62(4):381-2
Mangostin inhibits the oxidative modification of human low density lipoprotein. Free radical Research. 1995 Aug.:23(2):175-84
Best Sources of Mangosteen Fruit (Garcinia mangostana)
There are several health juice drinks or functional beverages available over the Internet which contain Mangosteen fruit or the rind, or a concentrate of the Mangosteen fruit. With the exception of Acai Plus™, most of the health juice products on the market today contain 15 to 50 mg of Mangosteen fruit, Goji berry, or Acai berry per serving - but not all three.
We recommend a product called AMiGO Juice, which contains all three of these super-healthy exotic fruits and delivers 500 mg of freeze-dried Mangosteen fruit pericarp per serving - or 1.5 grams of Mangosteen fruit per day with the recommended dose of 3 servings per day. (Each bottle provides 90 servings - a 30-day supply with 3 servings per day.)
AMiGO Juice is the natural "whole food" functional beverage with more healthy fruit concentrate at less cost than other top-selling health juice drinks with Mangosteen fruit, Acai berries, or Goji berries - such as Xango™, MonaVie™, Fruta Vida™, Vemma™, or Himalayan Goji™ Juice.
The AMiGO Juice is a dry powder product (also comes in capsule form) which contains real Mangosteen fruit pericarp (Garcinia mangostana) obtained from fruit that is freshly harvested in Thailand and freeze-dried, which removes the water content while preserving the nutrients.
This results in:
(1) lower shipping costs when you are not paying to ship the water or liquid juices from other fruits added to the product,
(2) greatly reduced chance of spoilage, and a longer shelf life, and
(3) more convenient storage of the dry powder, which need not be refrigerated and can be easily carried with you while away from home.
You can either add the AMiGO Juice concentrate powder to water, or to another fruit juice, or mix it into a "smoothie" shake - OR you can order the powdered extract in a vegetarian gel capsule and simply take two capsules with water.
The AMiGO Juice product sold by Amigo Health Sciences in Colorado, USA, contains 90 servings per 270-gram container of powder, or 90 servings from a bottle of 180 capsules. Suggested use is 3 servings per day, so with typical use it will provide a 30-day supply of 4.5 grams of juice concentrate per day for one person.
The AMiGO Juice products can be shipped to the USA, Canada, Mexico, and many overseas countries "for personal use".
AMiGO Juice is the natural "whole food" functional beverage with more healthy fruit concentrate at less cost than other top-selling health juice drinks with Mangosteen fruit, Acai berries, or Goji berries - such as Acai Plus™, MonaVie™, Fruta Vida™, Vemma™, Xango™, or Himalayan Goji™ Juice. Xango™, MonaVie™, Fruta Vida™, Vemma™, or Himalayan Goji™ Juice.
With this AMiGO Juice product, you not only get a healthy dose of 500 mg Mangosteen fruit pericarp in each serving, you ALSO get extracts of two other highly nutritious fruits, 500 mg of Brazilian Acai berry and 500 mg of Himalayan Goji berry fruit pulp, each with its own impressive list of significant health benefits. (Acai Plus™, a liquid health juice, also contains Acai, Goji and Mangosteen fruit, plus 100 other healthy ingredients.)
Three servings of AMiGO Juice per day will deliver a total of 1.5 grams (1,500 milligrams) of dehydrated Thai Mangosteen fruit pericarp, 1.5 grams of dehydrated Himalayan Goji berry fruit, plus 1.5 grams of dehydrated Brazilian Acai berry - a total of 4.5 grams of these top three super-healthy fruits! This is much more of the actual Mangosteen fruit pericarp concentrate than most of the "Mangosteen" products actually deliver per serving or per daily dose, typically 5 to 50 milligrams per serving, compared to 500 milligrams of Mangosteen fruit pericarp per serving of AMiGO Juice.
Each serving of AMiGO Juice contains 500 mg of dried Mangosteen fruit pericarp.
AMiGO Juice Ingredients90 Servings per container of AMiGO Juice Powder (270 grams net weight) OR bottle of AMiGO Capsules (180).
Serving size: 1 scoop = 3 grams. Or two capsules. (A measuring scoop is enclosed in each container)
Suggested use: take 1 scoop mixed with 4 ounces of water (or take two capsules), three times per day.
One container of powder or one bottle of capsules will last for 30 days when 3 servings are taken per day.
Each 3 gram serving contains:
- Thai Mangosteen fruit Pericarp (Garcinia mangostana) - 500 mg
- Himalayan Goji berry pulp (Lycium barbarum) - 500 mg
- Brazilian Acai berry 4:1 Extract (Euterpe oleracea) - 500 mg
- Other minor ingredients (listed in order of weight):
Guar gum, evaporated organic cane juice powder, fruit and vegetable juice powder (for color), citric acid, xanthum gum, natural and artificial flavors, soy lecithin, citrus pectin, sucralose.
- SEE Amigo Health Web Site
- BUY AMiGO Juice with Mangosteen, Acai berry and Goji berry from Amigo Health
AMiGO Juice is the Mangosteen functional beverage with more healthy fruit concentrate at less cost than other top-selling health juice drinks with Mangosteen, Goji, or Acai. AMiGO Juice has all three - and delivers 1,500 mg per serving! Why pay more for filler and for shipping water? You can just add your own water to AMiGO Juice powder and mix thoroughly - or simply swallow two AMiGO capsules with a glass of water. The powder can also be conveniently mixed into other natural juices, added to a "smoothie" shake, or combined with other foods and drinks to add a delicious "berry" flavor.
This page is ©2006 by Michael Star Co. and others. All rights reserved. E&OE.
The content of this page is provided for educational purposes only, and should not be considered as medical advice. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not review or test products classed as a "food supplement". The following statement is required by the U.S. FDA:
"This product line has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product line is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease."
* NOTE: Acai Plus™, MonaVie™, Fruta Vida™, Xango™, Vemma™, Himalayan Goji™ Juice are registered trademarks of the respective owners of these products.